The Science Explained
This video presented by Brett Miller, our agriculture engineer and Chief Technology Officer, will provide the basic science behind how our product works. You will discover that this is a completely new technology, 20 or more years ahead of it’s time, yet based on known and proven scientific principles. This is the Future of Farming, leading the way for the next great green revolution.
Pulsed, Low Frequency Radio Wave
Stimulation of Irrigated Crops
This summary provides a brief overview of a new technology. Field trials show positive and, in some cases, even dramatic results.
In engineering there are generally two approaches to solving a problem. The first is to completely understand a process in order to arrive at an outcome. Basic science is done this way and universities specialize in this approach.
The second and far more common method is sometimes referred to as the “build it and break it” method. In other words, a prototype is developed based on what is known and then tested for performance and limits. That testing is used for refinements and further testing until a workable product is obtained that solves a real-world problem. Thomas Edison used this method to develop the incandescent light bulb.
The technology described here was developed over many years using the “Edisonian” approach. The objective has always been to find a safe, reliable and inexpensive way of enhancing agricultural production naturally and without chemicals. Because it is a new technology, the precise mechanisms of action on plant chemistry are still being studied in order to form a more complete understanding of the processes at work. The inventor is a Swiss born researcher living in Como, Italy named Fulvio Balmelli. He coined a new word to describe the results of his work: Kyminasi. The agricultural products are known as Kyminasi Plant Booster.
RATIONALE AND BACKGROUND
The electrons that hold all matter together move and these motions create vibrations. For any structure, these vibrations combine to form a composite frequency which is known as its natural frequency. We can identify such frequencies between atoms using technology such as Infra-Red Spectroscopy.
We also know that externally applied frequencies can affect living organisms. This factor must be taken into consideration, for example, when designing tractor seats. An up and down motion of about 5 Hz (cycles per second) matches the natural frequency of the internal organs of the driver and can cause a hyperventilating in the lungs. [Suggs, 1973].
Kyminasi Plant Booster (KPB) technology
is based on the theory that the natural
frequencies of the vibrational bonds between
atoms in a plant can affect the chemistry and
health of that plant. It is further theorized that
adverse environmental conditions can alter a
plant’s normal frequencies in a way that
negatively affect plant health. And finally,
it is theorized that by exposing plants to their
ideal, natural frequencies for various functions,
the molecules in the plants will harmonize to
their normal and ideal vibratory frequencies,
thereby improving plant health.
KPB technology acts on plants the same way a tuning fork is used to tune a musical instrument.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A key step in developing the KPB technology was finding a way to identify natural frequencies associated with ideal plant function. To do this, Balmelli adapted a device developed by a German researcher which recorded vibrational frequencies of various organs in the human body [Brugemann, 1987]. The device operates on different principles than an IR Spectrometer, but also measures frequencies emitted by the vibrational bonds between atoms.
Once the vibrational frequencies associated with specific plant functions could be mapped, the next step was finding a way to store them on a transmitter device. Various materials were tested and custom software programming was written. Ultimately a silicon and metal based micro-transmitter was developed that could store and transmit the necessary signals.
The attention now shifted to finding a delivery system for the frequencies. Water, because of its polar nature (a slight positive charge on one side and negative on the other), proved very effective at this job. Any moving charged object will create a magnetic field. When the micro-transmitters are mounted on the metal pipe of an irrigation system, the tiny magnetic field created by flowing water passively extracts the information stored on the micro-transmitters and carries it to the plants. Water tested at a mile from the source shows the same frequencies as those stored on the micro-transmitters.
In much the same way as a stereo uses a small electrical current to carry specific frequencies to speakers, water acts as a carrier wave for transmitting the information stored in the micro-transmitters to plants.
The micro-transmitters are passive, require no power source and emit no signals when not activated by flowing water. The micro-transmitters are easy to install and operate for two years before needing replacement. The number and type of transmitters used are proportional to the flow rate. Specifically, rates above 75 gallons per minute (gpm) require both a sequenced combination of different types and an increasing number of micro-transmitters.
The frequencies selected for the micro-transmitters optimize vibrations associated with the following functions common to all plants:
Water and oxygen absorption.
Nitrogen absorption and use.
Nitric Oxide absorption and use.
Carbon dioxide absorption and use.
Light absorption and use.
Light glucose metabolism of the plant
Balmelli found that each of the above functions were associated with specific combinations of low to extremely low radio frequencies ranging from 150 Kilohertz down to 10 Hertz. In all, more than 3,000 separate frequencies are programmed onto the micro-transmitters. The signals are emitted in pulses which sequentially act on the plants to provide the desired “tuning” effect. In other words, it appears that certain frequencies will produce a change in a plant that allows it to then absorb a different set of frequencies and so on until normal vibratory frequencies are achieved. This interaction can more simply be defined as "a combination of frequencies traveling together in pulses that provide sequenced instructions for ideal plant functioning at the molecular level." Balmelli describes this process as “algorithmic wave packets.”
Showing that signals are being transferred to the water can be demonstrated with fast freeze tests which highlight a change in the crystalline arrangement of the water. Other water characteristics such as pH, electrical conductivity, carbonates and bicarbonates, calcium, magnesium, sodium and sodium absorption rate do not appear to be affected.
It should be noted here that while some research has shown that low power, High Frequency (HF) electromagnetic stimulation of plants can alter their metabolism [Vian et al, 2016], very little research has been done regarding the effects of low to extremely low frequency radio wave stimulation of plants.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Proof of concept field trials started in 2015 on a variety of crops at multiple sites located in Hawaii, Australia, Panama and Washington state. The results validated expectations, but also highlighted a limiting factor. The KPB technology would only work with water moving at relatively low flow rates (approximately 20 gpm). In December 2018, however, Balmelli made a breakthrough which increased the maximum permissible flow rate to 2,600 gallons per minute (164 liters per second). The minimum flow rate necessary to activate the technology is a very low 0.26 gpm (.017 lps).
Subsequent to this advancement, an agricultural lab in Italy (Minoprio Analisi e Certifications) was commissioned to do two studies: one to demonstrate safety and the other to demonstrate that KPB technology could affect nutritional uptake in plants.
The safety study used spring barley to test for phytotoxicity. The lab concluded:
“The results of the growth test with spring barley showed no phytotoxicity of the water treatment system.”
The nutritional study used Kagran variety cabbage lettuce. The results clearly demonstrated that application of pulsed, low frequency radio waves was affecting the nutritional content of irrigated lettuce.
The researchers found:
“Positive effects (increased absorption of plants irrigated with treated water) were found for nitrogen, calcium, magnesium, manganese and zinc; on the contrary, for the elements potassium, iron and for phosphorus, copper and sodium the absorption was superior in the control plants (untreated water).”
While this mixed nutritional uptake result was unusual, in Edisonion fashion Balmelli used these studies to further refine the frequencies programmed into the micro-transmitters. Subsequent tests demonstrated approximately 4% increases in nitrogen and phosphorus and 6.5% in potassium (NPK) with no reduction in magnesium. Iron, manganese and sulfur were higher in the control crops.
It is important to keep in mind however that increased mineral uptake is only one component of the overall effect of KPB treated water. Field observations of plants grown using Kyminasi Plant Booster have shown the following characteristics:
Faster growth with increased yields
Plants that are healthier, stronger and more resistant to disease and insects
Larger, more appealing and plentiful fruit and vegetables
Produce which stays fresher, longer after harvest (extended shelf life)
Produce with enhanced flavor and quality as measured by higher degrees Brix* and other similar ratings
* The Brix rating is named after German engineer Adolf Brix and is used in the food industry for measuring the approximate amount of sugars in fruits, vegetables, juices, wine, soft drinks and in the starch and sugar manufacturing industry. For fruit juices, 1.0 degree Brix is denoted as 1.0% sugar by mass. This usually correlates well with perceived sweetness.
After three years of use, soil tests at one of the early test sites in Washington state show a dramatic 47% increase in the Cation-Exchange Capacity (CEC). Cations are positively charged atoms or molecules such as those from potassium or calcium in a form that they can be absorbed. CEC is a measure of soil fertility as it measures the capacity of the soil to retain nutrients.
Early measurements from multiple test sites recently installed in Peru also indicate that plants grown using KPB treated water need less chemicals to achieve the same or better growth rates. While more documentation is needed, these observations are promising.
And finally, the potential to increase water absorption in plants holds immense promise for drought prone areas and represents another important line of investigation.
The use of Kyminasi Plant Booster technology appears to be a safe and effective means of improving plant health and yields for irrigated crops. Limited data also indicate KPB technology may be an effective means of reducing the amount of input chemicals needed to ensure a successful harvest. Given an available market to sell the crops, lower costs and higher yields will result in increased profits for farmers using Kyminasi Plant Booster technology.
For more information, contact Brett Miller, Harvest Harmonics Chief Technology Officer at firstname.lastname@example.org.